Apprenticeship bridges the gap between school and the world of work. It combines on-the-job training (OJT) under the direct supervision of a professional with related classroom instruction. This enables a new employee to quickly gain practical work experience while learning the theoretical aspects of a highly skilled occupation.
Apprenticeship programs can be sponsored by joint employer and labor groups, individual employers or employer associations. Registered apprenticeship programs are designed to meet state and federal guidelines. When an apprenticeship program is approved by the State Apprenticeship Advisory Council (SAAC) it is considered "registered".
Registered apprenticeships offer many benefits for both workers and employers.
Advantages to the Apprentice:
- Provides an increasing scale of wages during the entire training period
- Provides a planned training schedule under the guidance of professionals
- Provides full time employment, subject to business conditions
- Assures proper related technical instruction through classroom or home study courses
- Training and skills are nationally recognized
- Entitles some veterans to collect training benefits from the Veterans' Administration
Advantages to the Employer:
- Reduces employee turnover
- Provides long-term training with measurable results
- Become part of a national apprenticeship training program
- Fosters professionalism and skills in employee mentors
- Improves productivity through committed and trained workforce
An apprentice able occupation is a skilled trade possessing all of the following characteristics:
- It is usually learned through a structured program of on-the-job supervised training
- It is clearly identified and commonly recognized throughout the industry
- It involves manual, mechanical, or technical skills and knowledge requiring a minimum of 2,000 hours of on-the-job work experience
- It requires related instruction to supplement the on-the-job training
Many apprentice programs are in the traditional building trade areas such as Carpentry, Electrical, Plumbing, and Ironwork. Additional programs are available in other more diverse career fields such as Culinary Arts, Childcare, and Information Technology.
The length of an apprenticeship ranges from one to six years depending on the complexity of the occupation to be learned. Unless an apprentice is still in high school, he or she is required to complete a minimum of 144 hours of related instruction for each year of the program. Each year of the program requires 2,000 work hours which equates to 50 weeks and 40 hours per week. Apprentices who work part-time will take longer to complete the apprenticeship requirements. Sometimes an individual can request that prior training related to the apprenticeship be accepted for credit. This commonly occurs with veterans.
Related instruction is available from many sources. Sometimes the employer provides the classroom instruction. Often it is available at local community technical colleges. If classroom instruction is not locally available, home study programs are another possibility. Prior to signing up for any programs, an apprentice should verify with the local U.S. Department of Labor's Bureau of Apprenticeship & Training office at (603) 225-1444 that the instruction program is acceptable.
The costs for an apprenticeship vary depending on the occupation, the employer, and the source of related instruction. Apprentices may be required to purchase tools and equipment for some trades. Some employers may pay for the related instruction. Some employers will deduct a small amount from an apprentice's paycheck to cover their related instruction costs. Apprentices may be eligible for loans and grants through the local community technical college, through the NH Charitable Foundation (www.nhcf.org), or through the Department of Veterans Affairs as a result of past military service. In New Hampshire veterans should call the Veterans' State Approving Agency at (603) 271-2555, x354 for further information.
An apprentice's hourly wage depends on the occupation, the location and size of the employer's business or organization. A full-time apprentice registered with the NH State Apprenticeship Council cannot start at less than 50% of the wages paid to journeymen workers at that same employer's business/organization.
1. Contact your guidance counselor or School to Career Coordinator for assistance.
2. Complete a job shadow and internship in that career field to learn more about the career.
3. Work with your guidance counselor or School to Career Coordinator to find an employer willing to sponsor you.
4. Visit the NH Department of Labor Web site for more information.
New Hampshire employers who are interested in apprenticeship programs should first contact the local U.S. Department of Labor's Bureau of Apprenticeship & Training office at (603) 225-1444. The Bureau's Field Representatives will explain employer responsibilities and benefits.
Employers who are ready to hire an apprentice could
- Advertise the opening with their local NH Works Office, (800-852-3400; www.nhes.state.nh.us);
- Notify local high schools and colleges of openings; and/or
- Advertise in local newspapers or Web sites.
The American Council on Education (ACE) Web site explains how to access these transcripts.
Visit www.acenet.edu. From the top bar, click on "Program Services" to see a drop down menu. Next, click on "Military Programs". Then click on "Transcripts for Military Personnel". Send your military transcript AND a course description to the Licensing Board when requesting prior credit for any previous training.