Title IX is a federal law that prohibits educational organizations that receive any Federal funding from discrimination based on sex. 20 U.S.C.A. §1681 et. seq.,
No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, by denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any educational program or activity receiving federal financial assistance.
The purpose of the law is two-fold - to prevent the use of federal resources to support discriminatory practices in educational programs and to provide individual citizens protection against discrimination. Through legislation, rule making, and court decisions, Title IX has developed into a comprehensive and multifaceted law.
The regulations specify that discrimination is prohibited based on gender, and martial or parental status in the following listed (but not exclusive) areas: admissions, housing and facilities, courses and other educational activities, career guidance and counseling services, student financial aid, student health and insurance benefits, scholastic, intercollegiate, club, or intramural athletics or employment. Although there is no specific provision against discrimination based on sexual orientation or identity, sexual harassment against a gay or lesbian student that prevents the student from receiving educational benefits would constitute a Title IX claim.